Our Island Universe: Dr. Mae Jemison By Greg Jenkins • Feb 25, 2020 ShareTweetEmail Credit biography.com Who was the first African-American woman in space? Dancer. Chemical engineer. Medical doctor. Dr. Mae Jemison became the 1st African-American woman in space when the space shuttle Endeavour launched on September 12, 1992. Listen Listening... / 2:29 ShareTweetEmailView the discussion thread.