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Appalachia's Deep Ties to Extractive Industries May be Keeping Region 'Poor, Sick & Stuck on Coal'

Teresa and Jennings Harrison stand outside of the Local Union 1503 building in Boone County. Jennings Harrison worked in a coal mine for 36 years
Teresa and Jennings Harrison stand outside of the Local Union 1503 building in Boone County. Jennings Harrison worked in a coal mine for 36 years

This week on Inside Appalachia, we'll learn more about how our reliance on coal and other extractive industries have affected our region’s economy.

One example is land ownership. Historically, coal and timber companies have owned a large amount of the land in central Appalachia. But asreporterGwynnGuilford told us in a recent interview:“Those people don’t have any stake in the communities there. They don’t have any reason to reinvest in the human capital and public services and goods."

We’ll hear more fromGuilford’s interview andhow abandoned mines still threaten the environment and water supply.


Also, what can Appalachia learn from post-coal economies out West? We’ll talk with a reporter in Colorado about how former coal communities are trying to rebuild their local economies.


“They can live relatively cheaply compared with our urban areas,” said Kate Schimel, who lives inPaonia, Colorado. “There are trails or restaurants that can be really appealing to young people. And in a few towns out West, that has really turned into young families coming and staying.”Schimelis a reporter with High Country News and has reported on economic development in post-coal communities for the Solutions Journalism Network.


The decline of the steel industry devastated Pittsburgh’s economy, but the Rust Belt city seems to be making an economic comeback. We’ll learn how Pittsburgh is faring now after finally shedding its 14-year status as a “financially distressed" city, a designation that allowed the state to step in and manage its finances. But as WESA-FM's Margaret J. Krauss reports, some wonder if the city will be able to pay its bills without the state's support.

Abandoned Coal Mine in Boone County, W.Va.
Credit WVPB/ Janet Kunicki
Abandoned Coal Mine in Boone County, W.Va.

We’ll also hear from New York University law professor Philip Alston, a United Nations scholar who reports on places with pervasive poverty, such as Haiti, south Asia and central Africa. Shortly after his trip to Appalachia last year, he spoke withNPR's Kelly McEversabout his upcoming report on how the United States treats its most vulnerable people.  

And the Ohio Valley Resource’s Mary Meehan will explain the threat of radioactive waste from hydraulic fracturing -- and how the federal government isn’t monitoring it as closely as it should.

Drill cuttings dumped at WV landfill.
Credit Bill Hughes
Drilling waste dumped in a landfill in West Virginia.


Host Jessica Lilly will close the episode with a question. “Are we destined to make the same mistakes with the natural gas industry that we did with coal? Coal did put food on the tables of many families, but did it also create the foundation for extreme poverty?”


Want more? Here are links to more stories to some of the topics mentioned in this episode, including the West Virginia Mine Wars, and absentee land ownership.


Inside Appalachia is produced by Jessica Lilly and Roxy Todd. Our executive producer is Jesse Wright. Ibby Caputo edited our show this week. Our audio mixer is Patrick Stephens. Molly Born is our web editor. Liz McCormick also contributed to this episode. Find us on Twitter@InAppalachia. Or you can send us an email to InsideAppalachia@wvpublic.org.


Music in this episode was provided byDinosaur Burps, Michael Howardand Ben Townsend.


Copyright 2018 West Virginia Public Broadcasting

Jessica Lilly
Jessica Lilly covers southern West Virginia for West Virginia Public Radio and can be heard weekdays on West Virginia Morning, the station’s daily radio news program and during afternoon newscasts.
Roxy Todd
Roxy Todd is a reporter and co-producer for Inside Appalachia and has been a reporter for West Virginia Public Broadcasting since 2014. Her stories have aired on NPR’s Morning Edition, All Things Considered, and Marketplace. She’s won several awards, including a regional AP Award for best feature radio story, and also two regional Edward R. Murrow awards for Best Use of Sound and Best Writing for her stories about Appalachian food and culture.